Unhealthy lifestyles (habits) like smoking, alcohol or substance abuse are dismissing the lives of many people now-a-days.Unhealthy habits have negative effects on the Physical, Mental, Economic andSocial Life of a person. So, it is always better to look up for threatening signs to recognize their unhealthy habits in promising stages to avoid further damage.

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There are some major threatening signs of unhealthy habits that affluence for identifying the victims.

Almost everybody is susceptible to bad habits – substance abuse
though people today are aware of the toxic significances of the unhealthy habits, most of them are addicted to them. Almost every-person is subjected to bad habits like Smoking, Alcohol or Substance Abuse.

It is most frequently observed in people, teen-ages in particular, start using these substances for fun or as an experimentation and then this may lead up to addiction. Some people accidentally undertake that they are stress busters and get addicted to these injurious habits.

Physical warnings

Certain physical characteristics clearly designate the repetition of unhealthy habits. The advent of a person itself states if he/ she is using injurious substances. Some physical warnings are mentioned here which have to look out for.

  • Bloodshot eyes or Dilated pupils: The most important mark of unhealthy habits in face is the presence of bloodshot eyes (Redness of eye). The eyes will be red and watery. The pupils will be smaller or larger than usual.
  • Eating and Sleeping Behavior changing: When adapted to the unhealthy habits, people may change their eating and sleeping habits. Without any suitable diet, their physical health also affected. They usually wander around the streets and come late to home. You can see changes in their sleeping pattern.
  • Deterioration of Personal Grooming: People challenging in unhealthy habits will not be attentive in any other-things except substance abuse. They will neglect their personal hygiency and appearance as they feel nothing is important than substance abuse. Personal grooming activities like Regular shower, Brushing teeth, Wearing clean clothes even their Gesture and others activities are abandoned by them.
  • Unusual smells: Some people will commonly observe the unusual smells of drugs or alcohol from their body, breath and clothing.

Behavioral warnings

You have commonly notice the certain changes in the behavior of some persons involved in committed unhealthy habits. There are some behavioral signs among people with unhealthy habits, listed below.

  • Neglecting duties: People with unhealthy habits like drug and alcohol addiction will neglect their duties at home or workplace, which will indicate less interest towards family and work.
  • Violency at home or workplace: Unhealthy practices such as smoking, alcohol or substance abuse may disturb the mental status of the user, which will be more irritated and aggressive. Usually they have problems with their friends at school or with co-employees at workplace, which may violence at home, school or workplace hurting themselves or their surrounding people.
  • Frequently getting to troubles: As they are related with Mental insecurity, Lack of concentration and Coordination, which may susceptible to accidents. With aggressive and intense behavior, they frequently get into troubles like fights, illegal activities and crimes, which may borrow or steal money or other valuables to purchase harmful substances.
  • Sudden change in friend relationships: You have commonly notice sudden change in their friends, which prefer to devote time with friends who are linked with unhealthy habits.

Confirming substance abuse?

Use drug test kits
Physical and behavioral warning signs, which are mentioned above, specify a person’s unhealthy habits. However, you should use drug testing kits to confirm substance abuse, which may be better to use drug testing kits approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as they provide a precise, accurate and reliable results within minutes, which  are safe and easy to use.

Several drug test kits are planned for use at Homes, Schools, Government organizations and Workplaces.

Guidance the abuser to instruct healthy habits
Once you confirm the substance abuse, then it is essential to implement corrective measures to prevent them from ongoing unhealthy habits.

  • Accurate and Reliable treatment and ongoing support from family/ friends/other relations may help them to stay away from drug usage.
  • Advise them to instruct healthy living habits.
  • Participate in physical activities like Exercise, Jogging and Sports.

Recognizing unhealthy habits, timely interpolation and treatment are necessary to set as conclusion to unhealthy lifestyle. So always look out the above stated notice signs of unhealthy habits.

Fever refers to a raise in body temperature. Any body temperature above the normal oral measurement of 98.6 F (37 C) or the normal rectal temperature of 99 F (37.2 C) is considered to be elevated body temperature (fever).

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These are averages, and one’s normal body temperature may actually be 1 F (0.6 C) or more above or below the average of 98.6 F. Body temperature can also vary up to 1 F (0.6 C) throughout the day.

Fever is not considered medically significant until body temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C).

Anything above normal but below 100.4 F (38 C) is considered a low-grade fever.

Advantage

Fever aids as one of the body’s natural defenses against bacteria and viruses which cannot live at a higher temperature.

The body’s defense mechanisms seem to work more competently at a higher temperature.

Fever is just one part of an illness, many times no more important than the presence of other symptoms such as cough, sore throat, fatigue, joint pains, chills, nausea, aches etc.

Equipments to measure fever

  • Digital thermometers
  • Mercury thermometers

Areas to measure fever

  • Rectal
  • Oral
  • axillary (under the armpit)

Measuring the axillary temperature

Axillary temperatures are not as accurate as rectal or oral measurements, and these generally measure 1 degree lower than a concurrently obtained oral temperature.

Measuring the oral temperature

They give more accurate reading than the axillary ones. They are recommended for the people above age of 7 years. You should circumvent hot or cold drinks within 15 minutes of oral temperature measurement to ensure correct readings.

Measuring the rectal temperature

It is recommended for children under 3 years of age, as this gives the most accurate reading of central temperature. A rectal temperature will read approximately 1 degree higher than a simultaneously obtained oral temperature.

How to treat fever

Generally, if the fever does not cause distress, the fever itself need not be treated.

It is not necessary to stimulate an adult or child to treat a fever unless taught to do so by health care practitioner.

The following fever lowering medications may be used at home

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Ibuprofen (Motrin/Advil)
  • Aspirin should not be used for fever in children or adolescents because is causes Reyes Syndrome.

Medical care for fever

Any child below 3 months of age who has a temperature of 100.4 F (38 C) or more should be seen by a doctor.

If a child or adult has a antiquity or verdict of cancer, AIDS or other serious illness, such as heart diseases or is taking immunosuppressant drugs, medical care should be required for a fever.

Perceive the person with the fever. If he appear sick or have symptoms that would suggest a major illness, such as meningitis, head ache, stiff neck, confusion problems staying awake, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, cough or any other signs of a serious illness, contact doctor.

Other symptoms that may be suggestive of a severe illness include repeated vomiting, severe diarrhea or skin rashes. They could be a sign of dengue fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever or chicken pox.

Fever blisters are small blisters that turn into ulcers, usually on the lips, mouth or tongue that are caused by a virus. If the child is not eating or drinking, contact doctor.

If the fever escorts a simple cold or virus, you can treat the fever as styled above and be confident that the fever is only a symptom of the illness. This is not to say that you should ignore a fever. If there are other associated symptoms that are troublesome, you should contact doctor.

Some vaccines given in childhood can cause a low-grade fever within a day or two of receiving the injection. This fever is usually self-limited and short-lived. If the reaction seems severe or the skin at the injection site is red, hot, and painful, contact doctor.

While squats are the easiest lower body exercise, there is another machine that is better than that. The leg press machine is something that involves weights and will improve your leg strength. They are known for being the best machine when it comes to lower body work out. you want toned and amazing legs? Then you need to learn more about the leg press machine.

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Leg press machines not only work on your legs, but they strengthen your quads as well. This allows for thicker thighs which will provide you with all the endurance and strength that you have been looking for in other exercises. While many people will argue that squats are easier than leg press machines, it is the leg press machine which gives better results.

Benefits of a leg press machine

You can always go to the gym for working out on a leg press machine, but they are portable and sometimes foldable which allow for them to be used and stored in the house easily. You can always read the leg press machine reviews on the internet to find the machine that will suit your needs properly. There are various models available and if you feel confused about which one to buy, then you can always approach your gym instructor or someone who will be able to give you sound advice.

Now, why should you use the leg press machine? Well, there are plenty of reasons and we have listed some of them below.

First of all, you can use the leg press machine if you need to grow your legs without injuring them under the heavy weights. You can always try the workout where you alternate the squats with the leg press exercise. 5 sets of 15 reps on the leg press followed by three sets of 5 squats and then get on the leg curl and you will have the best leg workout to add volume to your legs.

Leg press machines can also help you in losing weight if you do the right set of exercises. Just ensure that you don’t overdo and overshoot the weight. Keep the weights just below the level that you can easily endure.

If squat is not your best exercise, then you should try and improve your strength levels with the help of leg press machine. When you are working out on the leg press machine, the one thing that you will have to do right without a doubt is the leg positioning. And if you are not too good with that, then leg press can help you get on with it. leg press machines not only build endurance but also teach you how to properly position your legs and work your stamina and endurance levels.

Leg press machine exercises are the best for your legs and butts and that can be seen from the above paragraphs. But, you won’t be able to make the most out of it if you are not practicing safety on the machine. It is important that you follow all the instructions of exercising on the machine. You can alternatively try for stretching machine workout if you think you suck at squats. We have recommended these stretching machines for your legs.

Always maintain the right distance between your legs when you are exercising on the leg press machine. The resistance of the machine and other such factors also need to be taken care of before jumping on the machine. There are different types of leg press machine and you should try them out before actually making the purchase. Stop exercising if you don’t feel better or feel too much exhausted after a short interval of time. it is necessary for you to always keep your health first and then the workout.

It is a serious, chronic mental disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality, disturbances of thought, mood and perception. Schizophrenia is the most common and the most potentially sever psychosis.

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Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia patients experience delusions, hallucinations and often lose thought process. Schizophrenia affects an estimated one percent of the population in every country of the world. Victims share a range of symptoms that can be devastating to themselves as well as to families and friends. They may have trouble dealing with the most minor everyday stresses and insignificant changes in their surroundings. They may avoid social contact, ignore personal hygiene and behave oddly. Many people other than mental health profession believe that schizophrenia refers to a “split personality”.

History overview

When the word “schizophrenia” was established by European psychiatrists, they meant to describe a shattering, or breakdown, of basic psychological functions. Eugene Bleuler is one of the most influential psychiatrists of his time. He is best known today for his introduction of the term “schizophrenia” to describe the disorder previously known as dementia and for his studies of schizophrenics.

Schizophrenia in Detail

The illness can best be described as a collection of particular symptoms that usually fall into four basic categories: formal thought disorder, perception disorder, feeling/emotional disturbance, and behavior disorders. People with schizophrenia describe strange of unrealistic thoughts. Their speech is sometimes hard to follow because of disordered thinking. Phrases seem disconnected and ideas move from topic to topic with no logical pattern in what is being said. In some cases, individuals with schizophrenia say that they have no idea at all or that their heads seem “empty”.

Many schizophrenic patients think they possess extraordinary powers such as x-ray vision or super strength. They may believe that their thoughts are being controlled by others. There beliefs are caused by delusions. Most specialists agree that symptoms are provoked by chemical disturbances of the brain, but no exact mechanism is known. Those with schizophrenia regularly report unusual sensory experiences, especially when the illness is in an acute stage. Often these experiences are in the form of hearing voices. Persons may hear one or two voices making comments on their behavior. They may not know the voice, or they may believe it is the voice of God, the Devil, or a friend. When the voice issues orders to behave in a particular way, the experience is known as a command hallucination. These hallucinations can be very dangerous to the sufferer and others. When the voice commands the person to do something, the schizophrenic person will perform that task as instructed. Particular, repetitive movements sometimes are seen in schizophrenics. Victims might swing one leg back and forth all day, or constantly shake their heads. Catatonic behavior is another symptom; a victim might keep the same position for hours, unable to talk or eat. Catatonic schizophrenia is marked by striking motor behavior.

Some victims may be overly intrusive, constantly prying into the affairs of those around them. When compared to other people in general, those with schizophrenia are less likely to marry or remain married; more likely to have school problems; often unable to keep their jobs; more prone to suicide attempts. People with schizophrenia also tend to fall into other groupings that can help in diagnosis. The majority range in age from adolescence to the mid twenties at the time the psychosis begins. No single patient is likely to show all the symptoms associated with the illness or fall into all of the categories listed. One person may experience only auditory hallucinations and exhibit only inappropriate emotions. Another might become reclusive and suffer from delusions.

Treatment of Schizophrenia

The modern era of medical treatment for schizophrenia began in 1952 with the use of the tranquilizer chlorpromazine. This drug, for the first time, controlled acute systems, reduced hospitalization from years to days, and lowered the rate of relapse by more than fifty percent. Not everyone responds to these drugs. Long term control is less successful than short term alleviation. Prolonged medication may bring harmful side effects, especially the neurological muscle disorder known as tardive dyskinesias (TD), which causes involuntary facial movements. Dopamine is the primary neurotransmitter that appears to be involved in this disorder, and most medications used to treat schizophrenia target this neurotransmitter and its receptors in the brain. Schizophrenia seems to be a syndrome of multiple causes and types. Genetics seem to play a role, but there is no single “schizophrenia gene”. While it is clear that a supportive family can be helpful in preventing relapse, it is also agreed that family strife does not cause schizophrenia.

Clozapine

One of the most recent advances in treating schizophrenia is the drug clozapine. This drug has been used in Europe and China for a number of years and now has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1990 for use in the United States. Clozapine is sometimes effective in cases where other drugs have failed to blunt systems. This drug appears to have fewer side effects than some of the anti-psychotic drugs. A major drawback to its use is that it can dangerously lower the count of white blood cells. Other new medications that have beneficial effect similar to clozapine but that appear to be safer are now undergoing testing and may be available in the near future.

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  • Hypnotic drugs are regularly prescribed for insomnia and other sleep disorders, with over 95% of insomnia patients being prescribed hypnotics in some countries.
  • Accidental deaths sometimes occur when a drowsy, confused user repeats doses, or when sedatives are taken with alcohol.
  • The first chemical sleep aid was created by Justus von Liebig, a German professor and chemist was Bromide and Chloral Hydrate.

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Its 3am you’re attempting onerous to sleep however can’t, simply brooding about job, family, cash and rather more. U can once more attempts to sleep however of no avail. Day once day, night once night same things happen to you, eventually u tend to travel for a sleeping pill like anti-allergic , muscle relaxants and some medicine like ATIVAN.

 What are sleeping pills?

Sleeping pills are the chemical agents that induce sleep or the agents that offer calming effects while not inducing sleep.

 Depression and sleep disorder

Depression will be outlined as a condition characterized by a persistent and abnormal lowering of mood (feeling unhappy, unhappy) and /or loss of interest in usual activities, in the course of a spread of characteristic signs and symptoms like:

Insomnia (sleep disorder)

Insomnia is outlined as a grievance of problem initiating sleep, problem maintaining sleep, waking up too early or sleep that’s chronically poor in quality.

Effect of sleeping pills on us

1. Household sleeping pills

 Antihistamines:

 Histamine, a chemical messenger within the brain, promotes wakefulness, thus antihistamine has the impact of constructing some patients feel sleepy. The most ingredients of over-the-counter sleeping pills are an antihistamine. Antihistamines are usually taken for allergies examples are AVIL, BENADRYL, and plenty of decongestants (diphenhydramine).

 Prescription sleeping pills:

Most commonly prescribed sleeping pills belongs to category of medicine referred to as benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines derivatives are presumed to exert their impact via interaction with a category of high affinity specific binding sites, termed the benzodiazepine receptors (GABA-receptor), benzodiazepines bind to the benzodiazepine –GABA receptor complicated enhancing the impact of GABA to decrease excitability of neurons, therefore enhancing CNS inhibitory tone and causes sedation. Examples are DIAZEPAM (valium), LORAZEPAM (ativan)

What sleeping pills do within your body?

Drug tolerance

An individual takes a lot of and a lot of the sleep aid that in flip will result in a lot of aspect effects.

Drug dependence

An individual could come back to accept medicine to go to sleep, and can be unable to sleep while not them.

 Withdrawal symptoms

If you stop the medication abruptly, you’ll have withdrawal symptoms, like nausea, sweating and shaking.

 Drug interactions

Sleeping pills will interact with alternative medications. This may worsen aspect effects and be dangerous, particularly with prescription painkillers and alternative sedatives.

 Rebound insomnia

Once taking drug for durable, if one needs to quit the therapy it’ll cause severe insomnia or problem in sleep

Beside these sleeping pills causes underlying medical or mental disorder or maybe a sleep disorder can’t be treated with sleeping pills.

 How to avoid taking sleeping pills?

• Sleep hygiene (education and counseling)

• Relaxation therapies (e.g., deep respiratory, meditation, muscle relaxation) consult psychologists for relaxation therapies

• Sleep restriction therapy (limitation of your time spent in bed)

• Do not pay quite 6-7 hours on bed

• Do not pay longer in bed than you would like to feel rested

• Withdrawal effects:

• A definable illness that happens with a ABRUPT cessation or decrease in use of medicine.

• Common withdrawal symptoms related to sleeping pills are:

• included anxiety, headache, insomnia, tension, sweating, problem concentrating, tremor, fear, severe insomnia , and plenty of psychological issues that cannot be treated with sleeping pills

• Instructions for using sleeping pills sleep aids & medications

 Avoid self medication

  •  Do not use prescribed sleeping pills frequently, follow physician’s directions strictly. Beginning with little dose and increasing gradually, consistent with the doctor’s schedule.
  •  Do not take sleeping pills in additional than prescribed concentrations
  • Don’t terminate anxiolytic or antidepressants therapy abruptly because it could cause withdrawal effects, drug ought to be tapered off consistent with physician’s directions.
  • Only use prescribed pills to serve the aim, use strictly when it’s required.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol and don’t drive once taking sleeping pills.

  Point to ponder:

When withdrawal (stop taking sleeping pills) was abrupt, aspect effects were a lot of frequent and a lot of severe than when a gradual tapering techniques was used.

Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type of schizophrenia in most parts of the world. The clinical picture is dominated by relatively stable, often paranoid, delusions, usually accompanied by hallucinations, particularly of the auditory variety, and perceptual disturbances. Disturbances of affect, volition, and speech, and catatonic symptoms, are not prominent.

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Difference between schizophrenia and Paranoid schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it difficult to tell the difference between real and unreal experiences, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses, and to behave normally in social situations. Paranoid schizophrenia is one of several types of schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia is a serious, lifelong condition that can lead to many complications, including suicidal behavior. But with effective treatment, you can manage the symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia and work toward leading a happier, healthier life.

Symptoms

  •  Auditory hallucinations, such as hearing voices
  •  Delusions, such as believing a co-worker wants to poison you
  •  Anxiety
  •  Anger
  •  Emotional distance
  •  Violence
  •  Argumentativeness
  •  Self-important or condescending manner
  •  Suicidal thoughts and behavior

Causes:

Paranoid schizophrenia is one of the five types of schizophrenia with characteristics specific to paranoid delusions and hallucinations. The exact cause of paranoid schizophrenia remains unknown but scientific evidence suggests that genetics, chemical imbalance in the body and damaged brain regions may be factors that contribute to the development of the disorder.

Paranoid Schizophrenia Risk Factors:

1)Family History

2)Maternal Illness During Pregnancy.

3)Maternal Nutritional Deficiency During Pregnancy.

4)Medical Problems During Pregnancy and Birth.

5)a child born to an older father

6)Childhood abuse and other trauma .

7)Low IQ.

8)Stressful Life Circumstances.

9)Drug Use During Adolescence and Young Adulthood

The main treatments for paranoid schizophrenia are:

1)Medications

2)Psychotherapy

3)Hospitalization

4)Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

5)Vocational skills training

Medications for paranoid schizophrenia

Medications are a key paranoid schizophrenia treatment. Among the medications most commonly prescribed for paranoid schizophrenia are

First-generation (typical) anti psychotics.

Typical antipsychotics, especially generic versions, are often cheaper than are their newer counterparts, which can be an important consideration when you need long-term treatment

Second-generation (atypical) antipsychotics.

These newer antipsychotic medications are effective at managing hallucinations, delusions and other symptoms, such as loss of motivation and lack of emotion.

Coping with Paranoid schizophrenia:

Coping with an illness as serious as paranoid schizophrenia can be challenging,Here are some ways to cope with paranoid schizophrenia:

1)Learn about paranoid schizophrenia.

2)Join a support group.

3)Stay focused on your goals.

4)Find healthy outlets.

5)Structure your time.

Prevention from paranoid schizophrenia :

There’s no sure way to prevent paranoid schizophrenia. Evidence shows that some signs of schizophrenia may be present from early childhood or even infancy. Early identification and treatment for people at risk of schizophrenia, perhaps starting in childhood, may help get symptoms under control before serious complications develop and may help improve the long-term outlook. Also, sticking with your treatment plan can help prevent relapses or worsening of paranoid schizophrenia symptoms.

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